Family Check-Up® For Children Meets HHS Criteria

Model effectiveness research report last updated: 2017

Effects shown in research & outcome measure details

Child development and school readiness

Findings rated high

Family Check-Up® For Children
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Outcome measure Effect Follow-up timing Sample Sample size Intervention group Comparison group Group difference Effect size Statistical significance
Remaining in “normal” (no externalizing or internalizing), age 2 to 3
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
Age 3 Early Steps Multisite Study Sample Not available Not available Not available OR = 3.75 Not available Not available
Remaining in “normal” (no externalizing or internalizing), age 3 to 4
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
Age 4 Early Steps Multisite Study Sample Not available Not available Not available OR = 1.94 Not available Not available
Transition from comorbid (externalizing and internalizing) at age 2 to “normal” at age 3
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
Age 3 Early Steps Multisite Study Sample Not available Not available Not available OR = 60.42 Not available Not available
Transition from comorbid (externalizing and internalizing) at age 3 to “normal” at age 4
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
Age 4 Early Steps Multisite Study Sample Not available Not available Not available OR = 167.80 Not available Not available
Transition from externalizing at age 2 to “normal” at age 3
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
Age 3 Early Steps Multisite Study Sample Not available Not available Not available OR = 0.89 Not available Not available
Transition from externalizing at age 3 to “normal” at age 4
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
Age 4 Early Steps Multisite Study Sample Not available Not available Not available OR = 0.89 Not available Not available
Transition from internalizing at age 2 to “normal” at age 3
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
Age 3 Early Steps Multisite Study Sample Not available Not available Not available OR = 1.01 Not available Not available
Transition from internalizing at age 3 to “normal” at age 4
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
Age 4 Early Steps Multisite Study Sample Not available Not available Not available OR = 9.35 Not available Not available
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Outcome measure Outcome measure description Collection method Properties Operations links

Remaining in “normal” (no externalizing or internalizing), age 2 to 3

The CBCL  assesses behavioral and emotional problems in young children. The CBCL Internalizing scale comprises four Subscales (Emotional Reactivity, Anxiety and Depression, Somatic Problems, and Social Withdrawal) and the Externalizing scale comprises two subscales (Aggression and Attention Problems). The researchers performed Latent Class Analyses (LCA) on the CBCL ’s subscales and developed four optimal classes at ages 2, 3, and 4: normative, externalizing, internalizing, and comorbid. Latent transition analyses were then conducted to examine transitions across classes from age 2 to 3 and from age 3 to 4. Parent/caregiver report

Cronbach’s α = 0.82 to 0.91 across ages 2, 3, and 4

Remaining in “normal” (no externalizing or internalizing), age 3 to 4

The CBCL  assesses behavioral and emotional problems in young children. The CBCL Internalizing scale comprises four Subscales (Emotional Reactivity, Anxiety and Depression, Somatic Problems, and Social Withdrawal) and the Externalizing scale comprises two subscales (Aggression and Attention Problems). The researchers performed Latent Class Analyses (LCA) on the CBCL ’s subscales and developed four optimal classes at ages 2, 3, and 4: normative, externalizing, internalizing, and comorbid. Latent transition analyses were then conducted to examine transitions across classes from age 2 to 3 and from age 3 to 4. Parent/caregiver report

Cronbach’s α = 0.82 to 0.91 across ages 2, 3, and 4

Transition from comorbid (externalizing and internalizing) at age 2 to “normal” at age 3

The CBCL  assesses behavioral and emotional problems in young children. The CBCL Internalizing scale comprises four Subscales (Emotional Reactivity, Anxiety and Depression, Somatic Problems, and Social Withdrawal) and the Externalizing scale comprises two subscales (Aggression and Attention Problems). The researchers performed Latent Class Analyses (LCA) on the CBCL ’s subscales and developed four optimal classes at ages 2, 3, and 4: normative, externalizing, internalizing, and comorbid. Latent transition analyses were then conducted to examine transitions across classes from age 2 to 3 and from age 3 to 4. Parent/caregiver report

Cronbach’s α = 0.82 to 0.91 across ages 2, 3, and 4

Transition from comorbid (externalizing and internalizing) at age 3 to “normal” at age 4

The CBCL  assesses behavioral and emotional problems in young children. The CBCL Internalizing scale comprises four Subscales (Emotional Reactivity, Anxiety and Depression, Somatic Problems, and Social Withdrawal) and the Externalizing scale comprises two subscales (Aggression and Attention Problems). The researchers performed Latent Class Analyses (LCA) on the CBCL ’s subscales and developed four optimal classes at ages 2, 3, and 4: normative, externalizing, internalizing, and comorbid. Latent transition analyses were then conducted to examine transitions across classes from age 2 to 3 and from age 3 to 4. Parent/caregiver report

Cronbach’s α = 0.82 to 0.91 across ages 2, 3, and 4

Transition from externalizing at age 2 to “normal” at age 3

The CBCL  assesses behavioral and emotional problems in young children. The CBCL Internalizing scale comprises four Subscales (Emotional Reactivity, Anxiety and Depression, Somatic Problems, and Social Withdrawal) and the Externalizing scale comprises two subscales (Aggression and Attention Problems). The researchers performed Latent Class Analyses (LCA) on the CBCL ’s subscales and developed four optimal classes at ages 2, 3, and 4: normative, externalizing, internalizing, and comorbid. Latent transition analyses were then conducted to examine transitions across classes from age 2 to 3 and from age 3 to 4. Parent/caregiver report

Cronbach’s α = 0.82 to 0.91 across ages 2, 3, and 4

Transition from externalizing at age 3 to “normal” at age 4

The CBCL  assesses behavioral and emotional problems in young children. The CBCL Internalizing scale comprises four Subscales (Emotional Reactivity, Anxiety and Depression, Somatic Problems, and Social Withdrawal) and the Externalizing scale comprises two subscales (Aggression and Attention Problems). The researchers performed Latent Class Analyses (LCA) on the CBCL’s subscales and developed four optimal classes at ages 2, 3, and 4: normative, externalizing, internalizing, and comorbid. Latent transition analyses were then conducted to examine transitions across classes from age 2 to 3 and from age 3 to 4. Parent/caregiver report

Cronbach’s α = 0.82 to 0.91 across ages 2, 3, and 4

Transition from internalizing at age 2 to “normal” at age 3

The CBCL  assesses behavioral and emotional problems in young children. The CBCL Internalizing scale comprises four Subscales (Emotional Reactivity, Anxiety and Depression, Somatic Problems, and Social Withdrawal) and the Externalizing scale comprises two subscales (Aggression and Attention Problems). The researchers performed Latent Class Analyses (LCA) on the CBCL’s subscales and developed four optimal classes at ages 2, 3, and 4: normative, externalizing, internalizing, and comorbid. Latent transition analyses were then conducted to examine transitions across classes from age 2 to 3 and from age 3 to 4. Parent/caregiver report

Cronbach’s α = 0.82 to 0.91 across ages 2, 3, and 4

Transition from internalizing at age 3 to “normal” at age 4

The CBCL  assesses behavioral and emotional problems in young children. The CBCL Internalizing scale comprises four Subscales (Emotional Reactivity, Anxiety and Depression, Somatic Problems, and Social Withdrawal) and the Externalizing scale comprises two subscales (Aggression and Attention Problems). The researchers performed Latent Class Analyses (LCA) on the CBCL’s subscales and developed four optimal classes at ages 2, 3, and 4: normative, externalizing, internalizing, and comorbid. Latent transition analyses were then conducted to examine transitions across classes from age 2 to 3 and from age 3 to 4. Parent/caregiver report

Cronbach’s α = 0.82 to 0.91 across ages 2, 3, and 4

Family Check-Up® For Children
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Outcome measure Effect Follow-up timing Sample Sample size Intervention group Comparison group Group difference Effect size Statistical significance Notes
Inhibitory control, Age 3, SEM
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
Age 3 WIC sites in Pittsburgh, PA, Eugene, OR, and Charlottesville, VA 731 children Not reported Not reported Not reported Not available Not statistically significant, p ≥ 0.05

footnote297

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Authors used structural equation models to estimate the impact, and reported an estimate, coefficient, standard error, and p-value.

Language skills, Age 3, SEM
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
Age 3 WIC sites in Pittsburgh, PA, Eugene, OR, and Charlottesville, VA 731 children Not reported Not reported Not reported Not available Not statistically significant, p ≥ 0.05

footnote297

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Authors used structural equation models to estimate the impact, and reported an estimate, coefficient, standard error, and p-value.

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Outcome measure Outcome measure description Collection method Properties Operations links

Inhibitory control, Age 3, SEM

A 13-item subscale of the Child Behavior Questionnaire that measures child inhibitory control. Each item is a description of a child behavior. Mothers rate each item on a scale of 1 (extremely untrue of child) to 7 (extremely true of child). The scores for all items are averaged together. Questionnaire completed by caregiver

Cronbach's alpha = 0.687 (internal consistence reliability for the sample at age 3)

Language skills, Age 3, SEM

An assessment of language ability for children ages 2-6 measured by the Fluharty-2 Preschool Speech and Language.Screening Test Child interview

Cronbach's alpha = 0.899 (internal consistency reliability for the sample at age 3)

Family Check-Up® For Children
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Outcome measure Effect Follow-up timing Sample Sample size Intervention group Comparison group Group difference Effect size Statistical significance Notes
Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) Externalizing, Age 3, Correlation
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
Age 3 WIC sites in Pittsburgh, PA, Eugene, OR, and Charlottesville, VA 651 children Not reported Not reported Not reported Not available Not statistically significant, p ≥ 0.05
Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) Externalizing, Age 4, Correlation
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
Age 4 WIC sites in Pittsburgh, PA, Eugene, OR, and Charlottesville, VA 619 children Not reported Not reported Not reported Not available Statistically significant, p<0.05
Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) Internalizing, Age 3, Correlation
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
Age 3 WIC sites in Pittsburgh, PA, Eugene, OR, and Charlottesville, VA 651 children Not reported Not reported Not reported Not available Not statistically significant, p ≥ 0.05
Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) Internalizing, Age 4, Correlation
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
Age 4 WIC sites in Pittsburgh, PA, Eugene, OR, and Charlottesville, VA 619 children Not reported Not reported Not reported Not available Statistically significant, p<0.05
Eyeberg Child Behavior Inventory Problem Score, Age 3, Correlation
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
Age 3 WIC sites in Pittsburgh, PA, Eugene, OR, and Charlottesville, VA 642 children Not reported Not reported Not reported Not available Not statistically significant, p ≥ 0.05
Eyeberg Child Behavior Inventory Problem Score, Age 4, Correlation
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
Age 4 WIC sites in Pittsburgh, PA, Eugene, OR, and Charlottesville, VA 616 children Not reported Not reported Not reported Not available Statistically significant, p<0.05
Growth in Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) Externalizing from ages 2 to 4, Latent growth model
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
Ages 3 and 4 WIC sites in Pittsburgh, PA, Eugene, OR, and Charlottesville, VA 731 children Not reported Not reported Not reported Study reported = 0.23 Statistically significant, p<0.051

footnote270

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Authors used a latent growth model to estimate the impact, and reported a coefficient, standard error, and effect size.

Growth in Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) Internalizing from ages 2 to 4, Latent growth model
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
Ages 3 and 4 WIC sites in Pittsburgh, PA, Eugene, OR, and Charlottesville, VA 731 children Not reported Not reported Not reported Study reported = 0.21 Statistically significant, p<0.051

footnote270

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Authors used a latent growth model to estimate the impact, and reported a coefficient, standard error, and effect size.

Growth in Eyeberg Child Behavior Inventory Problem Score from ages 2 to 4, Latent growth model
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
Ages 3 and 4 WIC sites in Pittsburgh, PA, Eugene, OR, and Charlottesville, VA 731 mothers Not reported Not reported Not reported Study reported = 0.23 Statistically significant, p<0.051

footnote270

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Authors used a latent growth model to estimate the impact, and reported a coefficient, standard error, and effect size.

Show outcome measure summary
Outcome measure Outcome measure description Collection method Properties Operations links

Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) Externalizing, Age 3, Correlation

The CBCL for ages 1.5–5 is a 99-item assessment of behavioral problems in young children. The CBCL includes two broadband factors—internalizing and externalizing—that were used to evaluate the frequency of problem behavior during the study period. Parent/caregiver report

Cronbach’s a = 0.86 at age 2, Cronbach’s a = 0.89 at age 3, Cronbach’s a = 0.86 at age 4

Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) Externalizing, Age 4, Correlation

The CBCL for ages 1.5–5 is a 99-item assessment of behavioral problems in young children. The CBCL includes two broadband factors—internalizing and externalizing—that were used to evaluate the frequency of problem behavior during the study period. Parent/caregiver report

Cronbach’s a = 0.86 at age 2, Cronbach’s a = 0.89 at age 3, Cronbach’s a = 0.86 at age 4

Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) Internalizing, Age 3, Correlation

The CBCL for ages 1.5–5 is a 99-item assessment of behavioral problems in young children. The CBCL includes two broadband factors—internalizing and externalizing—that were used to evaluate the frequency of problem behavior during the study period. Parent/caregiver report

Cronbach’s a = 0.82 at age 2, Cronbach’s a = 0.86 at age 3, Cronbach’s a = 0.91 at age 4

Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) Internalizing, Age 4, Correlation

The CBCL for ages 1.5–5 is a 99-item assessment of behavioral problems in young children. The CBCL includes two broadband factors—internalizing and externalizing—that were used to evaluate the frequency of problem behavior during the study period. Parent/caregiver report

Cronbach’s a = 0.82 at age 2, Cronbach’s a = 0.86 at age 3, Cronbach’s a = 0.91 at age 4

Eyeberg Child Behavior Inventory Problem Score, Age 3, Correlation

The Eyeberg Child Behavior Inventory is a 36-item behavior checklist that assesses two factors: (1) the perceived intensity, and (2) degree a behavior is a problem for caregivers. The researchers focused on the problem factor, which asks caregivers to report on the extent the behavior is a problem for the parent using a 7-point scale. Parent/caregiver report

Internal consistency = 0.84 at age 2, 0.90 at age 3, and 0.94 at age 4

Eyeberg Child Behavior Inventory Problem Score, Age 4, Correlation

The Eyeberg Child Behavior Inventory is a 36-item behavior checklist that assesses two factors: (1) the perceived intensity, and (2) degree a behavior is a problem for caregivers. The researchers focused on the problem factor, which asks caregivers to report on the extent the behavior is a problem for the parent using a 7-point scale. Parent/caregiver report

Internal consistency = 0.84 at age 2, 0.90 at age 3, and 0.94 at age 4

Growth in Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) Externalizing from ages 2 to 4, Latent growth model

The CBCL for ages 1.5–5 is a 99-item assessment of behavioral problems in young children. The CBCL includes two broadband factors—internalizing and externalizing—that were used to evaluate the frequency of problem behavior during the study period. Parent/caregiver report

Cronbach’s a = 0.86 at age 2, Cronbach’s a = 0.89 at age 3, Cronbach’s a = 0.86 at age 4

Growth in Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) Internalizing from ages 2 to 4, Latent growth model

The CBCL for ages 1.5–5 is a 99-item assessment of behavioral problems in young children. The CBCL includes two broadband factors—internalizing and externalizing—that were used to evaluate the frequency of problem behavior during the study period. Parent/caregiver report

Cronbach’s a = 0.82 at age 2, Cronbach’s a = 0.86 at age 3, Cronbach’s a = 0.91 at age 4

Growth in Eyeberg Child Behavior Inventory Problem Score from ages 2 to 4, Latent growth model

The Eyeberg Child Behavior Inventory is a 36-item behavior checklist that assesses two factors: (1) the perceived intensity, and (2) degree a behavior is a problem for caregivers. The researchers focused on the problem factor, which asks caregivers to report on the extent the behavior is a problem for the parent using a 7-point scale. Parent/caregiver report

Internal consistency = 0.84 at age 2, 0.90 at age 3, and 0.94 at age 4

Family Check-Up® For Children
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Outcome measure Effect Follow-up timing Sample Sample size Intervention group Comparison group Group difference Effect size Statistical significance Notes
CBCL Aggression Scale (Revised version for age 4 follow-up)
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
Age 3 and Age 4 Pittsburgh sample 92 children Mean at age 3 = 9.85 (SD 4.04). Mean at age 4 = 6.96, (SD 4.76) = 9.85 Mean = 8.93 Difference = -1.16 HomeVEE calculated = 30.22 Not statistically significant, p ≥ 0.05

footnote44

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

HomVEE calculated the difference in growth rates as the change over time (mean at age 4 minus mean at age 3) for the program group minus the change over time for the comparison group.

,

footnote46

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Statistical significance is based on the results of the authors’ analysis using a two-way repeated measures analysis of variance.

CBCL Destructive Scale (Revised version for age 4 follow-up)
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
Age 3 and Age 4 Pittsburgh sample 92 children Mean at age 3 = 2.66 (SD 1.82), Mean at age 4 = 1.87 (SD 1.87) = 2.66 Mean = 3.21 Difference = 0.15 HomeVEE calculated = 3.00 Not statistically significant, p ≥ 0.05

footnote46

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Statistical significance is based on the results of the authors’ analysis using a two-way repeated measures analysis of variance.

CBCL Physical Aggression
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
Age 3 and Age 4 Pittsburgh sample 92 children Mean at age 3=0.96, (SD=1.07). Mean at age 4=0.65, (SD= 0.95). = 0.96 Mean = 0.67 Difference = -0.42 HomeVEE calculated = 30.27 Statistical significance not reported

footnote44

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

HomVEE calculated the difference in growth rates as the change over time (mean at age 4 minus mean at age 3) for the program group minus the change over time for the comparison group.

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Outcome measure Outcome measure description Collection method Properties Operations links

CBCL:

  • Aggression, Scale
  • Physical Aggression
  • Destructive Scale
The CBCL is a questionnaire that assesses behavioral problems in young children. The two versions of the questionnaire, ages 2–3 and ages 4–18, have two broadband scales—(1) Internalizing, and (2) Externalizing—and narrow-band scales, which include destructive and aggressive behavior for the ages 2–3 version. The researchers focused on the two narrow-band scales from the 2–3 version: Destructive and Aggression. To approximate the use of the same constructs at age 4, the researchers revised the 4–18 version and only included items that were also on the ages 2–3 versions of the Destructive and Aggression Scales. Parent/caregiver report
  • aggression Scale: Cronbach’s α = 0.82 at age 2, Cronbach’s α = 0.84 at age 3, Cronbach’s α = 0.86 at age 4
  • Physical aggression: Not reported by author
  • Destructive Scale: Cronbach’s α = 0.60 at age 2, Cronbach’s α = 0.71 at age 3, Cronbach’s α = 0.73 at age 4
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Outcome measure Effect Follow-up timing Sample Sample size Intervention group Comparison group Group difference Effect size Statistical significance Notes
Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) Oppositional/Aggressive, Age 5, Correlation
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
Age 5 WIC sites in Pittsburgh, PA, Eugene, OR, and Charlottesville, VA 614 families Not reported Not reported Not reported Not available Not statistically significant, p ≥ 0.05
Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) Oppositional/Aggressive, Age 5, T-test
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
Age 5 WIC sites in Pittsburgh, PA, Eugene, OR, and Charlottesville, VA 614 families Unadjusted mean = 0.43 Unadjusted mean = 0.47 Mean difference = -0.04 HomeVEE calculated = 0.11 Not statistically significant, p ≥ 0.05

footnote162

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Negative value is favorable to the intervention.

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Outcome measure Outcome measure description Collection method Properties Operations links

Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) Oppositional/Aggressive, Age 5, Correlation

This measure was created from 8 oppositional and aggressive items from the CBCL. The CBCL for ages 1.5–5 is a 99-item assessment of behavioral problems in young children. Parent/caregiver report

alpha=0.80

Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) Oppositional/Aggressive, Age 5, T-test

This measure was created from 8 oppositional and aggressive items from the CBCL. The CBCL for ages 1.5–5 is a 99-item assessment of behavioral problems in young children. Parent/caregiver report

alpha=0.80

Findings rated moderate

Family Check-Up® For Children
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Outcome measure Effect Follow-up timing Sample Sample size Intervention group Comparison group Group difference Effect size Statistical significance Notes
Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) Externalizing, Age 3, Mean and SD
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
Age 3 WIC sites in Pittsburgh, PA, Eugene, OR, and Charlottesville, VA 651 children Unadjusted mean = 55.83 Unadjusted mean = 56.11 Mean difference = -0.28 HomeVEE calculated = -0.03 Not statistically significant, p=0.70

footnote162

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Negative value is favorable to the intervention.

Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) Externalizing, Age 4, Mean and SD
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
Age 4 WIC sites in Pittsburgh, PA, Eugene, OR, and Charlottesville, VA 619 children Unadjusted mean = 52.68 Unadjusted mean = 54.67 Mean difference = -1.99 HomeVEE calculated = -0.19 Statistically significant, p=0.02

footnote162

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Negative value is favorable to the intervention.

Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) Externalizing, Ages 3 and 4, Latent growth model
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
Ages 3 and 4 WIC sites in Pittsburgh, PA, Eugene, OR, and Charlottesville, VA 723 children Not reported Not reported Not reported Not available Statistically significant, p<0.052

footnote266

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Authors used a latent growth model to estimate the impact.

Eyeberg Child Behavior Inventory Problem Score, Age 3, Mean and SD
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
Age 3 WIC sites in Pittsburgh, PA, Eugene, OR, and Charlottesville, VA 642 children Unadjusted mean = 59.18 Unadjusted mean = 60.06 Mean difference = -0.88 HomeVEE calculated = -0.08 Not statistically significant, p=0.28

footnote162

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Negative value is favorable to the intervention.

Eyeberg Child Behavior Inventory Problem Score, Age 4, Mean and SD
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
Age 4 WIC sites in Pittsburgh, PA, Eugene, OR, and Charlottesville, VA 616 children Unadjusted mean = 58.64 Unadjusted mean = 60.63 Mean difference = -1.99 HomeVEE calculated = -0.18 Statistically significant, p=0.03

footnote162

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Negative value is favorable to the intervention.

Eyeberg Child Behavior Inventory Problem Score, Ages 3 and 4, Latent growth model
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
Ages 3 and 4 WIC sites in Pittsburgh, PA, Eugene, OR, and Charlottesville, VA 723 children Not reported Not reported Not reported Not available Statistically significant, p<0.052

footnote266

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Authors used a latent growth model to estimate the impact.

Show outcome measure summary
Outcome measure Outcome measure description Collection method Properties Operations links

Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) Externalizing, Age 3, Mean and SD

The Eyeberg Child Behavior Inventory is a 36-item behavior checklist that assesses two factors: (1) the perceived intensity, and (2) degree a behavior is a problem for caregivers. The researchers focused on the problem factor, which asks caregivers to report on the extent the behavior is a problem for the parent using a 7-point scale. Parent/caregiver report

Internal consistencies were 0.84 at age 2, 0.90 at age 3, and 0.94 at age 4.

Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) Externalizing, Age 4, Mean and SD

The CBCL for ages 1.5–5 is a 99-item assessment of behavioral problems in young children. The CBCL includes two broadband factors—internalizing and externalizing—that were used to evaluate the frequency of problem behavior during the study period. Parent/caregiver report

Internal consistencies were 0.86 at age 2, 0.89 at age 3, and 0.86 at age 4.

Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) Externalizing, Ages 3 and 4, Latent growth model

The CBCL for ages 1.5–5 is a 99-item assessment of behavioral problems in young children. The CBCL includes two broadband factors—internalizing and externalizing—that were used to evaluate the frequency of problem behavior during the study period. Parent/caregiver report

Internal consistencies were 0.86 at age 2, 0.89 at age 3, and 0.86 at age 4.

Eyeberg Child Behavior Inventory Problem Score, Age 3, Mean and SD

The Eyeberg Child Behavior Inventory is a 36-item behavior checklist that assesses two factors: (1) the perceived intensity, and (2) degree a behavior is a problem for caregivers. The researchers focused on the problem factor, which asks caregivers to report on the extent the behavior is a problem for the parent using a 7-point scale. Parent/caregiver report

Internal consistencies were 0.84 at age 2, 0.90 at age 3, and 0.94 at age 4.

Eyeberg Child Behavior Inventory Problem Score, Age 4, Mean and SD

The Eyeberg Child Behavior Inventory is a 36-item behavior checklist that assesses two factors: (1) the perceived intensity, and (2) degree a behavior is a problem for caregivers. The researchers focused on the problem factor, which asks caregivers to report on the extent the behavior is a problem for the parent using a 7-point scale. Parent/caregiver report

Internal consistencies were 0.84 at age 2, 0.90 at age 3, and 0.94 at age 4.

Eyeberg Child Behavior Inventory Problem Score, Ages 3 and 4, Latent growth model

The Eyeberg Child Behavior Inventory is a 36-item behavior checklist that assesses two factors: (1) the perceived intensity, and (2) degree a behavior is a problem for caregivers. The researchers focused on the problem factor, which asks caregivers to report on the extent the behavior is a problem for the parent using a 7-point scale. Parent/caregiver report

Internal consistencies were 0.84 at age 2, 0.90 at age 3, and 0.94 at age 4.

Family Check-Up® For Children
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Outcome measure Effect Follow-up timing Sample Sample size Intervention group Comparison group Group difference Effect size Statistical significance Notes
Inhibitory control intercept, Ages 2-4, Preliminary conditional growth model
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
Ages 2-4 WIC sites in Pittsburgh, PA, Eugene, OR, and Charlottesville, VA 720 children Not reported Not reported Not reported Not available Not statistically significant, p>0.051

footnote260

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Authors used a preliminary conditional growth model and reported a coefficient, standard error, and p-value.

Inhibitory control slope, Ages 2-4, Preliminary conditional growth model
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
Ages 2-4 WIC sites in Pittsburgh, PA, Eugene, OR, and Charlottesville, VA 720 children Not reported Not reported Not reported Not available Not statistically significant, p>0.051

footnote260

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Authors used a preliminary conditional growth model and reported a coefficient, standard error, and p-value.

Inhibitory control, Age 3, Correlation
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
Age 3 WIC sites in Pittsburgh, PA, Eugene, OR, and Charlottesville, VA 645 children Not reported Not reported Not reported Not available Not statistically significant, p ≥ 0.05
Inhibitory control, Age 4, Correlation
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
Age 4 WIC sites in Pittsburgh, PA, Eugene, OR, and Charlottesville, VA 622 children Not reported Not reported Not reported Not available Not statistically significant, p ≥ 0.05
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Outcome measure Outcome measure description Collection method Properties Operations links

Inhibitory control intercept, Ages 2-4, Preliminary conditional growth model

A 13-item subscale of the Child Behavior Questionnaire that measures child inhibitory control. Each item is a description of a child behavior. Mothers rate each item on a scale of 1 (extremely untrue of child) to 7 (extremely true of child). The scores for all items are averaged together. Questionnaire completed by caregiver

Internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha) ranges from 0.65 to 0.74.

Inhibitory control slope, Ages 2-4, Preliminary conditional growth model

A 13-item subscale of the Child Behavior Questionnaire that measures child inhibitory control. Each item is a description of a child behavior. Mothers rate each item on a scale of 1 (extremely untrue of child) to 7 (extremely true of child). The scores for all items are averaged together. Questionnaire completed by caregiver

Internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha) ranges from 0.65 to 0.74.

Inhibitory control, Age 3, Correlation

A 13-item subscale of the Child Behavior Questionnaire that measures child inhibitory control. Each item is a description of a child behavior. Mothers rate each item on a scale of 1 (extremely untrue of child) to 7 (extremely true of child). The scores for all items are averaged together. Questionnaire completed by caregiver

Internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha) ranges from 0.65 to 0.74.

Inhibitory control, Age 4, Correlation

A 13-item subscale of the Child Behavior Questionnaire that measures child inhibitory control. Each item is a description of a child behavior. Mothers rate each item on a scale of 1 (extremely untrue of child) to 7 (extremely true of child). The scores for all items are averaged together. Questionnaire completed by caregiver

Internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha) ranges from 0.65 to 0.74.

Family Check-Up® For Children
Show findings details
Outcome measure Effect Follow-up timing Sample Sample size Intervention group Comparison group Group difference Effect size Statistical significance
Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) Oppositional/Aggressive, Age 3, Correlation
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
Age 3 WIC sites in Pittsburgh, PA, Eugene, OR, and Charlottesville, VA 657 children Not reported Not reported Not reported Not available Not statistically significant, p ≥ 0.05
Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) Oppositional/Aggressive, Age 4, Correlation
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
Age 4 WIC sites in Pittsburgh, PA, Eugene, OR, and Charlottesville, VA 627 children Not reported Not reported Not reported Not available Not statistically significant, p ≥ 0.05
Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) Oppositional/Aggressive, Age 5, Correlation
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
Age 5 WIC sites in Pittsburgh, PA, Eugene, OR, and Charlottesville, VA 612 children Not reported Not reported Not reported Not available Not statistically significant, p ≥ 0.05
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Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) Oppositional/Aggressive, Age 3, Correlation

This measure was created from 8 oppositional and aggressive items from the CBCL. The CBCL for ages 1.5–5 is a 99-item assessment of behavioral problems in young children. Parent/caregiver report

Cronbach's alpha for the oppositional/aggressive scale was 0.71 at age 2, 0.75 at age 3, 0.83 at age 4 and 0.80 at age 5.

Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) Oppositional/Aggressive, Age 4, Correlation

This measure was created from 8 oppositional and aggressive items from the CBCL. The CBCL for ages 1.5–5 is a 99-item assessment of behavioral problems in young children. Parent/caregiver report

Cronbach's alpha for the oppositional/aggressive scale was 0.71 at age 2, 0.75 at age 3, 0.83 at age 4 and 0.80 at age 5.

Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) Oppositional/Aggressive, Age 5, Correlation

This measure was created from 8 oppositional and aggressive items from the CBCL. The CBCL for ages 1.5–5 is a 99-item assessment of behavioral problems in young children. Parent/caregiver report

Cronbach's alpha for the oppositional/aggressive scale was 0.71 at age 2, 0.75 at age 3, 0.83 at age 4 and 0.80 at age 5.

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