Healthy Beginnings Meets HHS Criteria

Model effectiveness research report last updated: 2015

Effects shown in research & outcome measure details

Child health

Findings rated moderate

Healthy Beginnings
Show findings details
Outcome measure Effect Follow-up timing Sample Sample size Intervention group Comparison group Group difference Effect size Statistical significance Notes
Bottle at bedtime
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
12 months Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 527 mothers Unadjusted mean = 0.35 Unadjusted mean = 0.44 Mean difference = -0.09 HomeVEE calculated = -0.23 Statistically significant,
p = 0.04

footnote209

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Authors indicated that negative effect favors the treatment group.

Breastfeeding (yes/no)-Chi-square 12 months
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
12 months Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 527 mothers Unadjusted mean = 0.21 Unadjusted mean = 0.15 Mean difference = 0.06 HomeVEE calculated = 0.25 Statistically significant,
p < 0.05
Breastfeeding (yes/no)-Chi-square 6 months
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
6 months Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 561 mothers Unadjusted mean = 0.42 Unadjusted mean = 0.32 Mean difference = 0.10 HomeVEE calculated = 0.26 Not statistically significant,
p = <0.05
Breastfeeding duration (weeks)-12 months
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
12 months Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 527 mothers Unadjusted mean = 0.17 Unadjusted mean = 0.13 Mean difference = 0.04 Not available Statistically significant,
p = 0.03
Breastfeeding exclusive (yes/no)-6 months
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
6 months Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 561 mothers Unadjusted mean = 0.04 Unadjusted mean = 0.02 Mean difference = 0.02 HomeVEE calculated = 0.45 Not statistically significant,
p = 0.14
Food used as reward
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
12 months Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 527 mothers Unadjusted mean = 0.18 Unadjusted mean = 0.25 Mean difference = -0.07 HomeVEE calculated = -0.27 Statistically significant,
p = 0.04

footnote209

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Authors indicated that negative effect favors the treatment group.

Introduction of solids (4 months or younger)
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
6 months Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 561 mothers Unadjusted mean = 0.18 Unadjusted mean = 0.26 Mean difference = -0.08 HomeVEE calculated = -0.30 Statistically significant,
p = 0.00

footnote209

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Authors indicated that negative effect favors the treatment group.

Introduction of solids (5 months)
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
6 months Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 561 mothers Unadjusted mean = 0.44 Unadjusted mean = 0.48 Mean difference = -0.04 HomeVEE calculated = -0.10 Statistically significant,
p = 0.00

footnote209

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Authors indicated that negative effect favors the treatment group.

Introduction of solids (6 months)
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
6 months Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 561 mothers Unadjusted mean = 0.39 Unadjusted mean = 0.26 Mean difference = 0.13 HomeVEE calculated = 0.35 Statistically significant,
p = 0.00
Introduction of solids (before 6 months)
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
6 months Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 561 mothers Unadjusted mean = 0.62 Unadjusted mean = 0.74 Mean difference = -0.12 HomeVEE calculated = -0.34 Statistically significant,
p = 0.00

footnote209

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Authors indicated that negative effect favors the treatment group.

Show outcome measure summary
Outcome measure Outcome measure description Collection method Properties Operations links

Bottle at bedtime

Percentage of mothers who put the child to bed with a bottle at 12 months

Mother report

Not applicable

Breastfeeding (yes/no)-Chi-square 12 months

Percentage of mothers who were breastfeeding 12 months after the child's birth Mother report

Not applicable

Breastfeeding (yes/no)-Chi-square 6 months

Percentage of mothers who were breastfeeding 6 months after the child's birth Mother report

Not applicable

Breastfeeding duration (weeks)-12 months

The number of weeks the mother breastfed her child Mother report

Not applicable

Breastfeeding exclusive (yes/no)-6 months

Whether the mother was exclusively breastfeeding (no other liquids or solid foods) at 6 months Mother report

Not applicable

Food used as reward

Percentage of mothers reporting they used food as a reward with child

Mother report

Not applicable

Introduction of solids (4 months or younger)

The percentage of mothers who introduced solid foods when the child was 4 months or younger Mother report

Not applicable

Introduction of solids (5 months)

The percentage of mothers who introduced solid foods when the child was 5 months old Mother report

Not applicable

Introduction of solids (6 months)

The percentage of mothers who introduced solid foods when the child was 6 months old Mother report

Not applicable

Introduction of solids (before 6 months)

The percentage of mothers who introduced solid foods prior to child turning 6 months of age Mother report

Not applicable

Healthy Beginnings
Show findings details
Outcome measure Effect Follow-up timing Sample Sample size Intervention group Comparison group Group difference Effect size Statistical significance Notes
BMI-Complete Case Analysis
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
24 months Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 483 children Unadjusted mean = 16.49 Unadjusted mean = 16.87 Mean difference = -0.38 HomeVEE calculated = -0.22 Statistically significant,
p = 0.01

footnote209

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Authors indicated that negative effect favors the treatment group.

Child drink soft drink-Complete Case Analysis
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
24 months Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 495 children Unadjusted mean = 0.24 Unadjusted mean = 0.26 Mean difference = -0.03 HomeVEE calculated = -0.09 Not statistically significant,
p = 0.48
Child eat dinner in front of TV-Complete Case Analysis
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
24 months Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 494 children Unadjusted mean = 0.56 Unadjusted mean = 0.68 Mean difference = -0.12 HomeVEE calculated = -0.31 Statistically significant,
p = 0.01

footnote209

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Authors indicated that negative effect favors the treatment group.

Child eat french fries-Complete Case Analysis
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
24 months Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 496 children Unadjusted mean = 0.86 Unadjusted mean = 0.88 Mean difference = -0.02 HomeVEE calculated = -0.09 Not statistically significant,
p = 0.65
Child eat salty snack-Complete Case Analysis
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
24 months Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 496 children Unadjusted mean = 0.65 Unadjusted mean = 0.70 Mean difference = -0.04 HomeVEE calculated = -0.12 Not statistically significant,
p = 0.29
Child eat sweet snack everyday-Complete Case Analysis
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
24 months Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 497 children Unadjusted mean = 0.73 Unadjusted mean = 0.77 Mean difference = -0.04 HomeVEE calculated = -0.13 Not statistically significant,
p = 0.31
Child fruit >= 1 serving/day-Complete Case Analysis
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
24 months Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 497 children Unadjusted mean = 0.90 Unadjusted mean = 0.93 Mean difference = -0.02 HomeVEE calculated = -0.18 Not statistically significant,
p = 0.43
Child outdoor play >=120 minutes/day-Complete Case Analysis
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
24 months Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 484 children Unadjusted mean = 0.62 Unadjusted mean = 0.61 Mean difference = 0.01 HomeVEE calculated = 0.01 Not statistically significant,
p = 0.90
Child vegetable >= 1 serving/day-Complete Case Analysis
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
24 months Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 497 children Unadjusted mean = 0.89 Unadjusted mean = 0.83 Mean difference = 0.07 HomeVEE calculated = 0.35 Statistically significant,
p = 0.03
Child water >3 cups/day-Complete Case Analysis
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
24 months Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 496 children Unadjusted mean = 0.24 Unadjusted mean = 0.19 Mean difference = 0.06 HomeVEE calculated = 0.21 Not statistically significant,
p = 0.12
Food used as a reward-Complete Case Analysis
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
24 months Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 493 children Unadjusted mean = 0.62 Unadjusted mean = 0.72 Mean difference = -0.09 HomeVEE calculated = -0.25 Statistically significant,
p = 0.03

footnote209

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Authors indicated that negative effect favors the treatment group.

Length-Complete Case Analysis
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
24 months Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 483 children Unadjusted mean = 88.73 Unadjusted mean = 88.42 Mean difference = 0.31 Not available Not statistically significant,
p = 0.35
TV on during meal-Complete Case Analysis
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
24 months Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 496 children Unadjusted mean = 0.66 Unadjusted mean = 0.76 Mean difference = -0.10 HomeVEE calculated = -0.29 Statistically significant,
p = 0.02

footnote209

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Authors indicated that negative effect favors the treatment group.

Weight-Complete Case Analysis
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
24 months Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 483 children Unadjusted mean = 12.98 Unadjusted mean = 13.15 Mean difference = -0.17 Not available Not statistically significant,
p = 0.24
Show outcome measure summary
Outcome measure Outcome measure description Collection method Properties Operations links

BMI-Complete Case Analysis

Body Mass Index based on direct measures of height and weight Direct Measurement

Not applicable

Child drink soft drink-Complete Case Analysis

Percentage of children who drink soft drinks Mother report

Not applicable

Child eat dinner in front of TV-Complete Case Analysis

Percentage of children who eat dinner in front of the TV

Mother report

Not applicable

Child eat french fries-Complete Case Analysis

Percentage of children who ate french fries Mother report

Not applicable

Child eat salty snack-Complete Case Analysis

Percentage of children who eat salty snacks Mother report

Not applicable

Child eat sweet snack everyday-Complete Case Analysis

Percentage of children who eat sweet snacks Mother report

Not applicable

Child fruit >= 1 serving/day-Complete Case Analysis

Percentage of children consuming one or more servings of fruit a day Mother report

Not applicable

Child outdoor play >=120 minutes/day-Complete Case Analysis

Percentage of children who played outside for 120 minutes or more per day Mother report

Not applicable

Child vegetable >= 1 serving/day-Complete Case Analysis

Percentage of children consuming one or more servings of vegetable a day Mother report

Not applicable

Child water >3 cups/day-Complete Case Analysis

Percentage of children drinking more than 3 cups of water per day Mother report

Not applicable

Food used as a reward-Complete Case Analysis

Percentage of mothers reporting they used food as a reward with child

Mother report

Not applicable

Length-Complete Case Analysis

Child length (cm) Direct Measurement

Not applicable

TV on during meal-Complete Case Analysis

Percentage of mothers reporting the TV is on during meals

Mother report

Not applicable

Weight-Complete Case Analysis

Child weight (kg) Direct Measurement

Not applicable

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