SafeCare®

Entries in this row combine information across all versions of SafeCare. Only SafeCare Augmented meets HHS criteria for an evidence-based home visiting model. For SafeCare itself, there are no manuscripts about high- or moderate-quality impact studies. Some other versions of SafeCare have at least one such manuscripts. Planned Activities Training (a SafeCare module) and Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training (a SafeCare module with an add-on) show evidence of effectiveness.

Model effectiveness research report last updated: 2018

Effects shown in research & outcome measure details

Child development and school readiness

Findings rated high

SafeCare: Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training Module
Show findings details
Outcome measure Effect Follow-up timing Sample Sample size Intervention group Comparison group Group difference Effect size Statistical significance
Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS) - Adaptive Behaviors
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
6 months Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training vs. Control 229 mothers Adjusted mean = 53.59 Adjusted mean = 48.28 Mean difference = 2.95 Study reported = 0.29 Statistically significant, p ≤ 0.05
Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS) - Externalizing Behaviors
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
6 months Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training vs. Control 229 mothers Adjusted mean = 47.73 Adjusted mean = 49.85 Mean difference = -2.17 HomeVEE calculated = -0.21 Not statistically significant, p ≥ 0.05
Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS) - Internalizing Behaviors
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
6 months Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training vs. Control 229 mothers Adjusted mean = 48.48 Adjusted mean = 49.21 Mean difference = -2.27 HomeVEE calculated = -0.07 Not statistically significant, p ≥ 0.05
Child Behavior Rating Scale (CBRS)
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
6 months Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training vs. Control 229 mothers Adjusted mean = 4.45 Adjusted mean = 4.23 Mean difference = 0.27 Study reported = 0.43 Statistically significant, p ≤ 0.001
Show outcome measure summary
Outcome measure Outcome measure description Collection method Properties Operations links

Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS) - Adaptive Behaviors

Mean score on the BASC-2-PRS, adaptive behaviors

Parent/caregiver report

Internal consistency reliability for the age of interest ranged from 0.85 to 0.93; test-retest reliability ranged from 0.81 to 0.86.

Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS) - Externalizing Behaviors

Mean score on the BASC-2-PRS, externalizing behaviors

Parent/caregiver report

Internal consistency reliability for the age of interest ranged from 0.85 to 0.93; test-retest reliability ranged from 0.81 to 0.86.

Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS) - Internalizing Behaviors

Mean score on the BASC-2-PRS, internalizing behaviors

Parent/caregiver report

Internal consistency reliability for the age of interest ranged from 0.85 to 0.93; test-retest reliability ranged from 0.81 to 0.86.

Child Behavior Rating Scale (CBRS)

Mean CBRS score; CBRS was a 5-point scale used to rate five dimensions of children’s positive engagement and responsiveness during parent-child interactions.

Child assessment

Internal consistency = 0.81

SafeCare: Planned Activities Training Module
Show findings details
Outcome measure Effect Follow-up timing Sample Sample size Intervention group Comparison group Group difference Effect size Statistical significance
Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS) - Adaptive Behaviors
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
6 months Planned Activities Training vs. Control 258 mothers Adjusted mean = 50.27 Adjusted mean = 48.28 Mean difference = 0.77 HomeVEE calculated = 0.18 Not statistically significant, p ≥ 0.05
Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS) - Externalizing Behaviors
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
6 months Planned Activities Training vs. Control 258 mothers Adjusted mean = 48.96 Adjusted mean = 49.85 Mean difference = -1.44 HomeVEE calculated = -0.09 Not statistically significant, p ≥ 0.05
Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS) - Internalizing Behaviors
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
6 months Planned Activities Training vs. Control 258 mothers Adjusted mean = 50.60 Adjusted mean = 49.21 Mean difference = -0.55 HomeVEE calculated = 0.13 Not statistically significant, p ≥ 0.05
Child Behavior Rating Scale (CBRS)
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
6 months Planned Activities Training vs. Control 258 mothers Adjusted mean = 4.33 Adjusted mean = 4.23 Mean difference = 0.18 Study reported = 0.29 Statistically significant, p ≤ 0.05
Show outcome measure summary
Outcome measure Outcome measure description Collection method Properties Operations links

Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS) - Adaptive Behaviors

Mean score on the BASC-2-PRS, adaptive behaviors

Parent/caregiver report

Internal consistency reliability for the age of interest ranged from 0.85 to 0.93; test-retest reliability ranged from 0.81 to 0.86.

Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS) - Externalizing Behaviors

Mean score on the BASC-2-PRS, externalizing behaviors

Parent/caregiver report

Internal consistency reliability for the age of interest ranged from 0.85 to 0.93; test-retest reliability ranged from 0.81 to 0.86.

Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS) - Internalizing Behaviors

Mean score on the BASC-2-PRS, internalizing behaviors

Parent/caregiver report

Internal consistency reliability for the age of interest ranged from 0.85 to 0.93; test-retest reliability ranged from 0.81 to 0.86.

Child Behavior Rating Scale (CBRS)

Mean CBRS score; CBRS was a 5-point scale used to rate five dimensions of children’s positive engagement and responsiveness during parent-child interactions.

Child assessment

Internal consistency = 0.81

SafeCare: Planned Activities Training Module
Show findings details
Outcome measure Effect Follow-up timing Sample Sample size Intervention group Comparison group Group difference Effect size Statistical significance Notes
Child adaptive skills: Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS), Adaptive Skills subscale, PCI (Planned Activities Training) vs. Control, 12 months
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
12 months PCI (Planned Activities Training) vs. Control 258 mother/child dyads Not applicable Not applicable Not reported Study reported = -0.15 Not statistically significant, p = 0.37

footnote300

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Authors used linear regression models to estimate the impact, and reported a coefficient, standard error, effect size, and p-value.

Child cooperative behavior: Child Behavior Rating Scale (CBRS), PCI (Planned Activities Training) vs. Control, 12 months
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
12 months PCI (Planned Activities Training) vs. Control 258 mother/child dyads Not applicable Not applicable Not reported Study reported = 0.28 Not statistically significant, p = 0.06

footnote300

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Authors used linear regression models to estimate the impact, and reported a coefficient, standard error, effect size, and p-value.

Child externalizing behaviors: Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS), Externalizing subscale, PCI (Planned Activities Training) vs. Control, 12 months
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
12 months PCI (Planned Activities Training) vs. Control 258 mother/child dyads Not applicable Not applicable Not reported Not available Not statistically significant, p = 0.57

footnote300

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Authors used linear regression models to estimate the impact, and reported a coefficient, standard error, effect size, and p-value.

Show outcome measure summary
Outcome measure Outcome measure description Collection method Properties Operations links

Child adaptive skills: Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS), Adaptive Skills subscale, PCI (Planned Activities Training) vs. Control, 12 months

Mean score on the Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS), Adaptive Skills subscale, a measure of child adaptive behaviors.

Maternal report

Internal consistency reliability ranged from 0.89 to 0.91.

Child cooperative behavior: Child Behavior Rating Scale (CBRS), PCI (Planned Activities Training) vs. Control, 12 months

Mean Child Behavior Rating Scale (CBRS) score; CBRS is a 5-point scale used to rate five dimensions of children’s positive engagement and responsiveness during parent-child interactions.

Direct observation

Internal consistency ranged from 0.80 to 0.87.

Child externalizing behaviors: Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS), Externalizing subscale, PCI (Planned Activities Training) vs. Control, 12 months

Mean score on the Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS), Externalizing subscale, a measure of child externalizing behaviors.

Maternal report

Internal consistency reliability was 0.88.

Findings rated moderate

SafeCare: Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training Module
Show findings details
Outcome measure Effect Follow-up timing Sample Sample size Intervention group Comparison group Group difference Effect size Statistical significance Notes
Child adaptive skills: Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS), Adaptive Skills subscale, PCI-C (Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training) vs. Control, 12 months
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
12 months PCI-C (Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training) vs. Control 229 mother/child dyads Not applicable Not applicable Not reported Study reported = 0.09 Not statistically significant, p = 0.59

footnote300

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Authors used linear regression models to estimate the impact, and reported a coefficient, standard error, effect size, and p-value.

Child cooperative behavior: Child Behavior Rating Scale (CBRS), PCI-C (Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training) vs. Control, 12 months
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
12 months PCI-C (Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training) vs. Control 229 mother/child dyads Not applicable Not applicable Not reported Study reported = 0.38 Statistically significant, p = 0.04

footnote300

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Authors used linear regression models to estimate the impact, and reported a coefficient, standard error, effect size, and p-value.

Child externalizing behaviors: Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS), Externalizing subscale, PCI-C (Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training) vs. Control, 12 months
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
12 months PCI-C (Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training) vs. Control 229 mother/child dyads Not applicable Not applicable Not reported Not available Statistically significant, p = 0.00

footnote300

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Authors used linear regression models to estimate the impact, and reported a coefficient, standard error, effect size, and p-value.

Show outcome measure summary
Outcome measure Outcome measure description Collection method Properties Operations links

Child adaptive skills: Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS), Adaptive Skills subscale, PCI-C (Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training) vs. Control, 12 months

Mean score on the Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS), Adaptive Skills subscale, a measure of child adaptive behaviors.

Maternal report

Internal consistency reliability ranged from 0.89 to 0.91.

Child cooperative behavior: Child Behavior Rating Scale (CBRS), PCI-C (Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training) vs. Control, 12 months

Mean Child Behavior Rating Scale (CBRS) score; CBRS is a 5-point scale used to rate five dimensions of children’s positive engagement and responsiveness during parent-child interactions.

Direct observation

Internal consistency ranged from 0.80 to 0.87.

Child externalizing behaviors: Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS), Externalizing subscale, PCI-C (Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training) vs. Control, 12 months

Mean score on the Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS), Externalizing subscale, a measure of child externalizing behaviors.

Maternal report

Internal consistency reliability was 0.88.

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