Triple P - Positive Parenting Program®—Variants suitable for home visiting

No Triple P intervention is exclusively delivered in the home with families with children from birth through age 5. This profile is based on (1) studies of programs that provided Triple P services in the home to families with children from birth through age 5, and (2) developer input on the Triple P interventions suitable for delivery in the home with families with children from birth through age 5.

Model effectiveness research report last updated: 2019

Effects shown in research & outcome measure details

Child development and school readiness

Findings rated high

Triple P-Home Visiting/ Child Management Training Component
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Outcome measure Effect Follow-up timing Sample Sample size Intervention group Comparison group Group difference Effect size Statistical significance Notes
Deviant Child Behavior -% of intervals - Generalization Setting
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
1-3 weeks Queensland, 1987 6 families Not applicable Not applicable Not reported Not applicable Not applicable

footnote202

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Results for families 2-6

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Outcome measure Outcome measure description Collection method Properties Operations links

Deviant Child Behavior -% of intervals - Generalization Setting

Percentage of 25-second intervals in which an observer identified a deviant child behavior such as non-compliance, complaint, aversive mands, physical aggression, opposition, or non-interaction.

Pair of independent observers in the community

Interobserver agreement range: 87.5%-97.8%

Findings rated moderate

Triple P-Home Visiting/ Child Management Training Component
Show findings details
Outcome measure Effect Follow-up timing Sample Sample size Intervention group Comparison group Group difference Effect size Statistical significance Notes
Deviant Child Behavior -% of intervals - Training Setting
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
1-3 weeks Queensland, 1987 5 families Not applicable Not applicable Not reported Not applicable Not applicable

footnote202

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Results for families 2-6

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Outcome measure Outcome measure description Collection method Properties Operations links

Deviant Child Behavior -% of intervals - Training Setting

Percentage of 25-second intervals in which an observer identified a deviant child behavior such as non-compliance, complaint, aversive mands, physical aggression, opposition, or non-interaction.

Pair of independent observers in the family home

Interobserver agreement range: 87.5%-97.8%

Triple P-Home Visiting/ Child Management Training Component
Show findings details
Outcome measure Effect Follow-up timing Sample Sample size Intervention group Comparison group Group difference Effect size Statistical significance Notes
Disruptive Child Behavior - Generalization Setting
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
2-6 weeks Metropolitan Auckland, 1981 5 children Not applicable Not applicable Not reported Not applicable Not applicable

footnote189

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Effect of baseline vs. Instructions + Feedback conditions only

Disruptive Child Behavior - Training Setting
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
2-6 weeks Metropolitan Auckland, 1981 5 children Not applicable Not applicable Not reported Not applicable Not applicable

footnote189

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Effect of baseline vs. Instructions + Feedback conditions only

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Disruptive Child Behavior - Generalization Setting

Percentage of 25-second intervals in which an observer identified a deviant child behavior such as non-compliance, complaint, aversive mands, physical aggression, opposition, or non-interaction.

Pair of independent observers in the community

Interobserver agreement: 89.5%

Disruptive Child Behavior - Training Setting

Percentage of 25-second intervals in which an observer identified a deviant child behavior such as non-compliance, complaint, aversive mands, physical aggression, opposition, or non-interaction.

Pair of independent observers in the family home

Interobserver agreement: 79.3%

Triple P-Home Visiting/ Child Management Training Component
Show findings details
Outcome measure Effect Follow-up timing Sample Sample size Intervention group Comparison group Group difference Effect size Statistical significance Notes
Deviant Child Behavior - Generalization Setting
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
1-3 weeks Australia, 1982 5 children Not applicable Not applicable Not reported Not applicable Not applicable

footnote203

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Effect of baseline vs. Child Management Training conditions only

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Outcome measure Outcome measure description Collection method Properties Operations links

Deviant Child Behavior - Generalization Setting

Percentage of 25-second intervals in which an observer identified a deviant child behavior such as non-compliance, complaint, aversive mands, physical aggression, opposition, or non-interaction.

Pair of independent observers in the community

Interobserver agreement range: 95.3%-98.7%

Triple P-Home Visiting/ Child Management Training Component
Show findings details
Outcome measure Effect Follow-up timing Sample Sample size Intervention group Comparison group Group difference Effect size Statistical significance
Deviant Child Behaviors - percent of observed intervals - High Risk Generalization setting
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
2-8 weeks Queensland 1989 3 children Not applicable Not applicable Not reported Not applicable Not applicable
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Deviant Child Behaviors - percent of observed intervals - High Risk Generalization setting

Percentage of 25-second intervals in which an observer identified a deviant child behavior such as non-compliance, complaint, aversive mands, physical aggression, opposition, or non-interaction.

Pair of independent observers in the family home

Interobserver agreement = 97.3%

Triple P - Home Visiting: Standard Stepping Stones
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Outcome measure Effect Follow-up timing Sample Sample size Intervention group Comparison group Group difference Effect size Statistical significance Notes
Child Behavior Checklist(CBCL)- externalizing
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
5 months SSSTP RCT -Study 2 39 parents Adjusted mean = 52.42 Adjusted mean = 54.80 Mean difference = -2.38 HomeVEE calculated = -0.21 Not statistically significant,
p = 0.41

footnote204

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Negative favors intervention

Child Behavior Checklist(CBCL)- internalizing
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
5 months SSSTP RCT -Study 2 39 parents Adjusted mean = 48.16 Adjusted mean = 51.25 Mean difference = -3.09 HomeVEE calculated = -0.32 Not statistically significant,
p = 0.27

footnote204

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Negative favors intervention

Child Behavior Checklist(CBCL)- total problems
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
5 months SSSTP RCT -Study 2 39 parents Adjusted mean = 51.42 Adjusted mean = 54.90 Mean difference = -3.48 HomeVEE calculated = -0.31 Not statistically significant,
p = 0.37

footnote204

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Negative favors intervention

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Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL)- externalizing

Subscale of the 99-item Child Behavior Checklist

Parent report

Test-retest reliability for entire scale = 0.85

Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL)- internalizing

Subscale of the 99-item Child Behavior Checklist

Parent report

Test-retest reliability for entire scale = 0.85

Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL)- total problems

99-item Child Behavior Checklist

Parent report

Test-retest reliability for entire scale = 0.85

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