Maternal health

In brief

Overview

Improving maternal health is a goal of some early childhood home visiting models in the HomVEE review. To achieve this goal, models provide mothers with health information and guidance during pregnancy and after the child’s birth. Some also link mothers to prenatal and postpartum health care providers. In addition, some programs link mothers to treatment facilities for mental health and substance issues, or may directly provide preventive mental health intervention or other services that promote their psychological well-being.

Measurement considerations

Maternal health involves both the mother’s health status (during or after pregnancy), including mental and behavioral health, stress, and health-related habits such as nutrition and sexual health, and measures of social support and other protective factors. Outcome measures in this domain include health care service receipt outcomes extracted from medical records, as well as standardized and unstandardized parent self-report measures. 

Maternal health involves the mother’s health status (during or after pregnancy), including mental and behavioral health, stress, and health-related habits such as nutrition and sexual health. Receipt of health services is in this domain; the mother’s health insurance status is in the family economic self-sufficiency domain.

Social/emotional support to the mother belongs in this domain, whereas in-kind support that the primary caregiver received is in the family economic self-sufficiency domain. HomVEE characterizes more support as favorable. (The favorability of positive or negative findings in this area may be dependent on context or other factors. In some cases, the HomVEE team will confer with subject matter experts to make determinations about whether a finding is favorable, or unfavorable or ambiguous.) 

Summary of findings

The effects shown in the research are grouped into four categories: (1) favorable, (2) no effect, (3) unfavorable or ambiguous, and (4) not measured. Results for models that only have low-rated research are listed as “not applicable.” For more information on these categories please read the procedures and standards handbook. Only results from manuscripts that receive a moderate or high rating are considered below. This table includes manuscripts links to more information on the model’s effectiveness, implementation, and details on findings in this domain.

Effects shown in research — Maternal health domain

Displaying 1 - 65 of 65
Model Meets HHS criteria Findings For more information

Arizona Health Start Program

Meets HHS criteria?
No
Findings
Not applicable
For more information

Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-Up (ABC) -Infant

Meets HHS criteria?
Yes
Findings
Not measured
For more information

Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-Up (ABC) -Toddler

Meets HHS criteria?
No
Findings
Not measured
For more information

Child First

Meets HHS criteria?
Yes
Findings
Favorable: 11
No effect: 15
Unfavorable or ambiguous: 0
For more information

Child Parent Enrichment Project (CPEP)

Meets HHS criteria?
No
Findings
Favorable: 1
No effect: 6
Unfavorable or ambiguous: 0
For more information

Childhood Asthma Prevention Study (CAPS)

Meets HHS criteria?
No
Findings
Favorable: 0
No effect: 1
Unfavorable or ambiguous: 0
For more information

Computer-Assisted Motivational Intervention (CAMI)

Meets HHS criteria?
No
Findings
Favorable: 0
No effect: 1
Unfavorable or ambiguous: 0
For more information

CAMI+

Meets HHS criteria?
No
Findings
Favorable: 1
No effect: 0
Unfavorable or ambiguous: 0
For more information

Early Head Start Home-Based Option

Meets HHS criteria?
Yes
Findings
Favorable: 0
No effect: 11
Unfavorable or ambiguous: 0
For more information

IMH-HB EHS

Meets HHS criteria?
No
Findings
Favorable: 5
No effect: 6
Unfavorable or ambiguous: 1
For more information

Early Intervention Program for Adolescent Mothers

Meets HHS criteria?
Yes
Findings
Favorable: 0
No effect: 19
Unfavorable or ambiguous: 1
For more information

Early Start (New Zealand)

Meets HHS criteria?
Yes
Findings
Favorable: 0
No effect: 5
Unfavorable or ambiguous: 0
For more information

Early Steps to School Success™—Home Visiting

Meets HHS criteria?
No
Findings
Not applicable
For more information

Even Start-Home Visiting (Birth to Age 5)

Meets HHS criteria?
No
Findings
Not applicable
For more information

Family Check-Up® For Children

Meets HHS criteria?
Yes
Findings
Favorable: 7
No effect: 2
Unfavorable or ambiguous: 0
For more information

Family Connections (Birth to Age 5)

Meets HHS criteria?
No
Findings
Not applicable
For more information

Family Connects

Meets HHS criteria?
Yes
Findings
Favorable: 1
No effect: 2
Unfavorable or ambiguous: 0
For more information

Family Spirit®

Meets HHS criteria?
Yes
Findings
Favorable: 5
No effect: 47
Unfavorable or ambiguous: 0
For more information

Following Baby Back Home (FBBH)

Meets HHS criteria?
No
Findings
Not applicable
For more information

Health Access Nurturing Development Services (HANDS) Program

Meets HHS criteria?
Yes
Findings
Favorable: 7
No effect: 1
Unfavorable or ambiguous: 0
For more information

HealthConnect One's® Community-Based Doula Program

Meets HHS criteria?
No
Findings
Not applicable
For more information

Healthy Beginnings

Meets HHS criteria?
Yes
Findings
Favorable: 3
No effect: 6
Unfavorable or ambiguous: 0
For more information

Healthy Families America (HFA)®

Meets HHS criteria?
Yes
Findings
Favorable: 9
No effect: 80
Unfavorable or ambiguous: 0
For more information

Healthy Steps (National Evaluation 1996 Protocol)

Meets HHS criteria?
Yes
Findings
Favorable: 0
No effect: 1
Unfavorable or ambiguous: 0
For more information

Home Instruction for Parents of Preschool Youngsters (HIPPY)®

Meets HHS criteria?
Yes
Findings
Not measured
For more information

Home-Start

Meets HHS criteria?
No
Findings
Favorable: 0
No effect: 4
Unfavorable or ambiguous: 0
For more information

HOMEBUILDERS (Birth to Age 5)®

Meets HHS criteria?
No
Findings
Not applicable
For more information

Intervention Nurses Start Infants Growing on Healthy Trajectories (INSIGHT)

Meets HHS criteria?
Yes
Findings
Not measured
For more information

Maternal Early Childhood Sustained Home-Visiting Program (MECSH)

Meets HHS criteria?
Yes
Findings
Favorable: 1
No effect: 15
Unfavorable or ambiguous: 0
For more information

Maternal Infant Health Outreach Worker (MIHOW)®

Meets HHS criteria?
Yes
Findings
Favorable: 10
No effect: 8
Unfavorable or ambiguous: 0
For more information

Maternal Infant Health Program (MIHP)

Meets HHS criteria?
Yes
Findings
Favorable: 3
No effect: 0
Unfavorable or ambiguous: 0
For more information

Minding the Baby® Home Visiting (MTB-HV)

Meets HHS criteria?
Yes
Findings
Favorable: 1
No effect: 11
Unfavorable or ambiguous: 0
For more information

MOM Program

Meets HHS criteria?
No
Findings
Favorable: 0
No effect: 4
Unfavorable or ambiguous: 0
For more information

Mothers’ Advocates in the Community (MOSAIC)

Meets HHS criteria?
No
Findings
Not applicable
For more information

New Forest Parenting Programme (NFPP)

Meets HHS criteria?
No
Findings
Not applicable
For more information

North Carolina Baby Love Maternal Outreach Workers Program

Meets HHS criteria?
No
Findings
Not applicable
For more information

Nurse-Family Partnership (NFP)®

Meets HHS criteria?
Yes
Findings
Favorable: 26
No effect: 86
Unfavorable or ambiguous: 0
For more information

Nurses for Newborns®

Meets HHS criteria?
No
Findings
Not applicable
For more information

Nurturing Parenting Programs (Birth to Age 5)

Meets HHS criteria?
No
Findings
Not applicable
For more information

Oklahoma’s Community-Based Family Resource and Support (CBFRS) Program

Meets HHS criteria?
Yes
Findings
Favorable: 3
No effect: 0
Unfavorable or ambiguous: 0
For more information

Parent-Child Assistance Program (PCAP)

Meets HHS criteria?
No
Findings
Not applicable
For more information

ParentChild+® Core Model

Meets HHS criteria?
No
Findings
Not measured
For more information

Parents as Teachers (PAT)®

Meets HHS criteria?
Yes
Findings
Favorable: 0
No effect: 2
Unfavorable or ambiguous: 0
For more information

Baby FACE, an adaptation of PAT®

Meets HHS criteria?
No
Findings
Not measured
For more information

Parents as First Teachers (New Zealand)

Meets HHS criteria?
No
Findings
Favorable: 0
No effect: 1
Unfavorable or ambiguous: 0
For more information

Philani Outreach Programme

Meets HHS criteria?
No
Findings
Not applicable
For more information

Play and Learning Strategies (PALS) Infant

Meets HHS criteria?
Yes
Findings
Not measured
For more information

PALS Infant + Toddler/Preschooler

Meets HHS criteria?
No
Findings
Not measured
For more information

PALS Toddler/Preschooler

Meets HHS criteria?
No
Findings
Not measured
For more information

Pride in Parenting (PIP)

Meets HHS criteria?
No
Findings
Not applicable
For more information

Promoting First Relationships®—Home Visiting Intervention Model

Meets HHS criteria?
Yes
Findings
Favorable: 0
No effect: 10
Unfavorable or ambiguous: 0
For more information

Promoting First Relationships®—Home Visiting Promotion Model

Meets HHS criteria?
No
Findings
Not applicable
For more information

Promoting Parental Skills and Enhancing Attachment in Early Childhood (CAPEDP) Trial

Meets HHS criteria?
No
Findings
Favorable: 0
No effect: 1
Unfavorable or ambiguous: 0
For more information

Resource Mothers Program

Meets HHS criteria?
No
Findings
Not applicable
For more information

Resources, Education, and Care in the Home (REACH)

Meets HHS criteria?
No
Findings
Not measured
For more information

REST Routine

Meets HHS criteria?
No
Findings
Favorable: 0
No effect: 1
Unfavorable or ambiguous: 0
For more information

SafeCare®

Meets HHS criteria?
No
Findings
Not applicable
For more information

Australian Adaptation of UCLA Parent-Child Health and Wellness Project

Meets HHS criteria?
No
Findings
Not measured
For more information

SafeCare Augmented

Meets HHS criteria?
Yes
Findings
Favorable: 0
No effect: 8
Unfavorable or ambiguous: 0
For more information

Seattle-King County Healthy Homes Project

Meets HHS criteria?
No
Findings
Not applicable
For more information

Triple P - Positive Parenting Program®—Variants suitable for home visiting

Meets HHS criteria?
No
Findings
Not applicable
For more information

Triple P - Home Visiting: Standard Stepping Stones

Meets HHS criteria?
No
Findings
Favorable: 0
No effect: 3
Unfavorable or ambiguous: 0
For more information

Video-Feedback Intervention to promote Positive Parenting-Sensitive Discipline® (VIPP-SD)

Meets HHS criteria?
No
Findings
Not measured
For more information

Adapted Video Interaction to Promote Positive Parenting (iBASIS-VIPP)

Meets HHS criteria?
No
Findings
Not measured
For more information

Video-Feedback Intervention to Promote Positive Parenting adapted to Autism (VIPP-AUTI)

Meets HHS criteria?
No
Findings
Not measured
For more information