Tribal home visiting

The HomVEE project includes a review of studies about early childhood home visiting models that are of potential relevance to tribal populations, including American Indian and Alaskan Native (AIAN) families and children. This page lists models, reviewed by HomVEE, that have been tested in samples that include at least 10 percent of study participants from tribal populations. In addition to the specific reports on each model that are linked below, this page provides summary reports across several models of the research conducted and lessons learned about early childhood home visiting services with tribal populations.

Models focused on tribal populations and included in the HomVEE general review

Model
Meets HHS criteria
Manuscripts
about
well-designed
research
Last
updated
Model:

Family Spirit®

Population served: Pregnant women, 0-11 months, 12-23 months, 24-35 months, Tribal Population

Favorable results from well-designed research: Child development and school readiness, Maternal health, Positive parenting practices

Meets HHS Criteria:

Yes, Meets HHS CriteriaYes, meets HHS criteria for an evidenced based model in tribal populations

Manuscripts about well-designed research:
4
Last updated:
2016
Model:

Philani Outreach Programme

Population served: 0-11 months, 12-23 months, 24-35 months, 36-47 months, 48+ months, Tribal Population

Favorable results from well-designed research: Not applicable

Meets HHS Criteria:

No

Manuscripts about well-designed research:
0
Last updated:
2014

Other models evaluated with tribal populations and included in the HomVEE general review

Model
Meets HHS criteria
Manuscripts
about
well-designed
research
Last
updated
Model:

Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-Up (ABC) -Infant

Population served: 0-11 months, 12-23 months, 24-35 months, 36-47 months

Favorable results from well-designed research: Child development and school readiness, Child health, Positive parenting practices

Meets HHS Criteria:

Yes, Meets HHS Criteria

Manuscripts about well-designed research:
12
Last updated:
2020
Model:

Early Start (New Zealand)

Population served: 0-11 months, 12-23 months, 24-35 months, 36-47 months, 48+ months

Favorable results from well-designed research: Child development and school readiness, Child health, Positive parenting practices, Reductions in child maltreatment

Meets HHS Criteria:

Yes, Meets HHS Criteria

Manuscripts about well-designed research:
1
Last updated:
2011
Model:

Even Start-Home Visiting (Birth to Age 5)

Implementation support is not currently available for the model as reviewed.

Population served: 0-11 months, 12-23 months, 24-35 months, 36-47 months, 48+ months

Favorable results from well-designed research: Not applicable - no studies met criteria to be reviewed

Meets HHS Criteria:

No

Manuscripts about well-designed research:
No eligible studies
Last updated:
2011
Model:

Healthy Families America (HFA)®

Population served: Pregnant women, 0-11 months, 12-23 months, 24-35 months, 36-47 months, 48+ months

Favorable results from well-designed research: Child development and school readiness, Child health, Family economic self-sufficiency, Linkages and referrals, Maternal health, Positive parenting practices, Reductions in child maltreatment, Reductions in juvenile delinquency, family violence, and crime

Meets HHS Criteria:

Yes, Meets HHS Criteria

Manuscripts about well-designed research:
27
Last updated:
2020
Model:

Nurse-Family Partnership (NFP)®

Population served: Pregnant women, 0-11 months, 12-23 months

Favorable results from well-designed research: Child development and school readiness, Child health, Family economic self-sufficiency, Maternal health, Positive parenting practices, Reductions in child maltreatment, Reductions in juvenile delinquency, family violence, and crime

Meets HHS Criteria:

Yes, Meets HHS Criteria

Manuscripts about well-designed research:
28
Last updated:
2019
Model:

Oklahoma’s Community-Based Family Resource and Support (CBFRS) Program

Implementation support is not currently available for the model as reviewed.

Population served: Pregnant women, 0-11 months

Favorable results from well-designed research: Maternal health, Positive parenting practices

Meets HHS Criteria:

Yes, Meets HHS Criteria

Manuscripts about well-designed research:
2
Last updated:
2012
Model:

Parent-Child Assistance Program (P-CAP)

Population served: Pregnant women, 0-11 months, 12-23 months, 24-35 months

Favorable results from well-designed research: Not applicable

Meets HHS Criteria:

No

Manuscripts about well-designed research:
0
Last updated:
2016
Model:

ParentChild+® Core Model

Population served: 24-35 months, 36-47 months

Favorable results from well-designed research: Child development and school readiness, Positive parenting practices

Meets HHS Criteria:

No

Manuscripts about well-designed research:
3
Last updated:
2019
Model:

Parents as Teachers (PAT)®

Population served: Pregnant women, 0-11 months, 12-23 months, 24-35 months, 36-47 months, 48+ months

Favorable results from well-designed research: Child development and school readiness, Family economic self-sufficiency, Positive parenting practices

Meets HHS Criteria:

Yes, Meets HHS Criteria

Manuscripts about well-designed research:
8
Last updated:
2019
Model:

Promoting First Relationships®—Home Visiting Promotion Model

Population served: 0-11 months, 12-23 months, 24-35 months, 36-47 months, 48+ months

Favorable results from well-designed research: Child development and school readiness, Positive parenting practices

Meets HHS Criteria:

No

Manuscripts about well-designed research:
3
Last updated:
2021
Model:

SafeCare®

Entries in this row combine information across all versions of SafeCare. Only SafeCare Augmented meets HHS criteria for an evidence-based home visiting model. For SafeCare itself, there are no manuscripts about high- or moderate-quality impact studies. Some other versions of SafeCare have at least one such manuscript. Planned Activities Training (a SafeCare module) and Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training (a SafeCare module with an add-on) show evidence of effectiveness.

Population served: 0-11 months, 12-23 months, 24-35 months, 36-47 months, 48+ months

Favorable results from well-designed research: Child development and school readiness, Linkages and referrals, Maternal health, Positive parenting practices, Reductions in child maltreatment

Meets HHS Criteria:

No

Manuscripts about well-designed research:
5
Last updated:
2018
Model:

SafeCare Augmented

Population served: 0-11 months, 12-23 months, 24-35 months, 36-47 months, 48+ months

Favorable results from well-designed research: Linkages and referrals, Reductions in child maltreatment

Meets HHS Criteria:

Yes, Meets HHS Criteria

Manuscripts about well-designed research:
1
Last updated:
2018